More than just protection

There are several contraceptive options for women too. Do you know what your range of options are?

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There is no doubt that a much wider range of contraceptives are available for  women as compared to men but at times, too many options can make it difficult for you to choose which is best.

If you’re considering contraception, do you know all the options that are available? Are they suitable for women of all ages and are there any side effects? Who should be the best person to speak to regarding this? 

Read on as we list some of the options available and clarify these important questions.

The options 

From pills topatches, if you’re considering contraception, it’s best to find a method that suits your lifestyle best. Contraceptives are generally 99percent effective if used correctly. On top of  that, each method is accompanied by its own set of benefits, risks as well as commitment such as to be consumed daily and so on. 

So, let’s move forward and explore some of them:

Quotes: Contraceptives Are Generally 99 Percent Effective If Used Correctly.

#1 Combined Oral Contraceptive

Also known as ‘the pill’, combined oral contraceptive contains a combination of synthetic hormones – estrogen and progesterone. The main purpose of ‘the pill’ is to prevent sperm from reaching a woman’s egg. This form of contraception will either form a barrier that will prevent conception by thickening the mucous around the womb or thin the lining around the womb to reduce a fertilised egg from being implanted.

Combined oral contraceptive needs to be taken daily and according to the cycle,depending on the type of pill. Missing a pill can reduce the effectiveness of this method.  

Use: Taken daily for  three weeks or according to the cycle and manufacturer’s instructions. 

#2 Intrauterine Device (IUD)

IUD is a device made from plastic and copper and is inserted into the womb. This procedure is to be done by a medical professional such as a doctor or trained nurse.

IUD releases copper into the womb. Copper alters the cervical mucous which makes it more difficult for sperm to reach an egg or even survive. An IUD can be inserted anytime during your menstrual cycle, as long as you are not pregnant  and the effect of it is immediate.

Some might feel some discomfort during the procedure and if this is the case or  a concern of your,speak to your doctor about opting for local anaesthetic. 

 

Use: To be inserted by a medical professional and lasts for about five years.

 

#3 Contraceptive Patch 

The contraceptive patch looks like a plaster that releases a daily dose of hormones into your body, through your skin, to prevent pregnancy. Similar to ‘the pill’, the contraceptive patch contains a combination of estrogen and progesterone as well and works the same way as ‘the pill’.

The patch is to be applied directly on dry skin and not a very hairy area. It’s also important not to stick the patch on irritated skin,  your breasts or where tight clothing might rub it off. 

 

Use: The first patch is worn for seven days. Then, a new patch is  replaced on the eighth day and repeat this for a total of three weeks and take a break for one week before continuing with a new cycle.

Quote: It’s also important not to stick the patch on irritated skin,your breasts or where tight clothing might rub it off.

#4 Contraceptive Implant 

Contraceptiveimplant is a small plastic rod that’s injected under your skin. This form of contraception releases progesterone into your body to prevent pregnancy. A few advantages for contraceptive implants are that it is safe to be used by breastfeeding mothers and your fertility will return to normal as soon as the implant is taken out which can be anytime.

To remove or replace the implant, you’ll need the help of a medical professional once again who will remove it under local anaesthetic.

 Use: To be injected under your skin by a medical professional and lasts for about three years.

Quote: It is safe to be used by breastfeeding mothers  and your fertility will return to normal as soon as the implant is taken out.

What are The Benefits Using Contraception? 

For women, there are many benefits of contraception can bring and it’s beyond family planning. Contraception can save lives and even improve your quality of life. Here are some benefits when using contraception:

  • It regulates your menstrual cycles. 
  • It can help to manage hormonal acne. 
  • It can reduce pain during your period. 
  • It reduces your risk of uterine cancer by 50 percent. 
  • It can reduce your risk of ovarian cysts. 

 Alongside the many benefits also come potential risks of using contraception. Not all types of contraception is suitable for everyone. If you smoke and are over the age of 35, contraception, mainly hormonal birth control, can increase your risk of life-threatening blood clots and high blood pressure. There are also some possible physical and emotional side effects such as

mood swings, weight loss or weight gain as well as joint pain. 

This is why it is always best to consult a medical professional such as a gynaecologist or a pharmacist who can help you decide on which method  is best as well as weigh your health risks. While search engines can be useful to obtain information, never use it to diagnose or help you decide on the type of medication for you to use. 

 

STD Prevention 

Despite these methods listed that can  effectively prevent unplanned pregnancies and aid with family planning, the one and  only way to protect yourself from sexually transmitted diseases is a condom.

The Emergency Pill…

Emergency contraception prevents  pregnancy if you did not use contraception or think that the method of contraception that you used might have failed,speak to a  pharmacist of doctor to know the options that are available.

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